Grace Murray Hopper, PhD (1906-1992) Some observations about change and innovation from an authentic pioneer. I first wrote this piece on the birthday of one of the people who helped invent the modern computer: Grace Hopper was born in New York City in 1906. She began tinkering with machines when she was seven years old, dismantling several alarm clocks around the house to see how they worked. She studied math and physics in college, and...